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为有效缓解华北分公司油气田开发中的环保压力,从源头上控制钻井作业污染,工程院自主研发成功环保型硅酸盐钻井液体系,为分公司油气田安全环保开发提供了一条新的技术途径,有助于分公司实现开发一个区块、建设一块绿洲、撑起一片蓝天的环保目标。

 

    面对日益严格的环保要求,实现油气田绿色开发刻不容缓,目前各工区推广的钻井液不落地技术,有效实现了废弃钻井液深度净化,固液分离效果显著,但没有从源头上消除环保风险,分离的固相合格率较低,液相无法循环利用,造成环保问题和资源浪费,增加了分公司生产成本,亟需寻求一种从根本上消除环保风险的钻井液技术。

    工程院钻井所和油化所主动攻关,通过自主研发、科学实验,形成了从源头上生态环境友好型的环保型硅酸盐钻井液体系。该体系以硅酸盐为主剂,在自然环境条件下,可降解为二氧化硅和水,其它处理剂均选用植物类提取物,可降解性强,对环境危害小,且色度较浅,地方政府接受度高。

    该体系各项性能参数均达到甚至优于现用的钾铵基钻井液体系,失水可控制在3毫升以下,有利于井壁稳定,保证井下安全,且每方成本节约96元,单井可节约成本4.22万元,配合钻井液不落地技术,在满足钻井安全高效的同时,也将实现低排减排,循环利用的目标,使分公司由效益开发迈入效益+环保开发。

When combining these materials with design the door to future products and solutions opens.

One of the main remaining barriers is the lack of knowledge of the potential use of advanced materials in designing new products. Danish Design Centre has partnered up with FAD in Barcelona and Happy Materials in Prague on the EU-project DAMADEI – “Design and Advanced Materials As a Driver of European Innovation”. The project that runs till Ultimo October seeks to put focus on European competitiveness.

It also aims to raise awareness among designers and to provide them with the appropriate experience on how to take advantage of the huge opportunities regarding these advanced materials.

Output

Besides consolidating a long-term collaborative European infrastructure to enhance the current network of partners through the involvement of the main European design sector and advanced materials stakeholders DAMADEI also aims to identify the needs, barriers and common areas of applications of both sectors as well as developing the potential interaction of Design and Advanced Materials as drivers of European innovation.

As a part of this 4 workshops (London 1st March, Copenhagen 22nd April, Prague 28nd May and Barcelona 8th July) will be hold to stimulate creative processes by exchanging European best practices in design through the application of advanced materials.

Following these four workshops the exhibition ‘MATERIALSM EUROPEAN TOUR’ has been created. The exhibition that is curated by the partners of DAMADEI, aims to educate and to inspire the creative industries with 40+ advanced materials chosen from the material families that are driving today´s innovations:

Active materials, Nano materials, Advanced manufacturing, High performance polymers, Light alloys, Gels & Foams, Coatings, Advanced composites, Advanced textiles and Fibres.

At last but not least – and based on the DAMADEI’s mapping of the European Design and Advanced Materials sectors – a collaborative platform with an online database and meeting point for Design and Advanced Materials is being created. his platform will give any user the possibility to search European actors of advanced materials within suppliers, designers, technology centres and connecting centres in nine different material categories.


Advanced Materials

An advanced material is any material that, through the precise control of its composition and internal structure, features a series of exceptional properties (mechanical, electrical, optical, magnetic properties, etc) or functionalities (self-repairing, shape change, decontamination, transformation of energy, etc) that differentiate it from the rest of the universe of materials; or any that, when transformed through advanced manufacturing techniques, features such properties or functionalities.

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